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Thursday, July 6, 2017

US Draft Statement on DPRK

Nikki Haley, US Permanent Representative to the UN
The members of the Security Council held an urgent meeting to address the serious situation arising from an escalatory launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), which the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea confirmed it conducted on 3 July 2017.

The members of the Security Council strongly condemned this launch, which is a clear violation and in unacceptable defiance of Security Council resolutions 1718 (2006), 1874 (2009), 2087 (2013), 2094 (2013), 2270 (2016), 2321 (2016), and 2356 (2017), and therefore a clear threat to international peace and security continues to exist. The members of the Security Council underscored that this launch, as well as any other DPRK launch that uses ballistic missile technology, even if characterized as a satellite launch or space launch vehicle, contributes to the DPRK’s development of nuclear weapon delivery systems.

The members of the Security Council also recalled that they have previously expressed their determination to take “further significant measures” in the event of a further DPRK nuclear test or launch, and in line with this commitment and the gravity of this violation, the members of the Security Council will begin to work immediately on such measures in a new Security Council resolution.

The members of the Security Council emphasized the vital importance of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea immediately showing sincere commitment to denuclearization through concrete action and stressed the importance of working to reduce tensions in the Korean Peninsula and beyond.  To that end, the Security Council demanded the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conduct no further nuclear and ballistic missile tests.  The members of the Security Council reiterated the importance of maintaining peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in North-East Asia at large, expressed their commitment to a peaceful, diplomatic and political solution to the situation, and welcomed efforts by Council members, as well as other States, to facilitate a peaceful and comprehensive solution through dialogue.

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Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Resolution 2354 on Countering Terrorist Narratives

Egypt: draft resolution

The Security Council,
Recalling its resolutions 1373 (2001), 1624 (2005), 2178 (2014) and the Statement of its President (S/PRST/2016/6) of 11 May 2016, 
Affirming its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, 
Reaffirming its commitment to sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
Stressing that terrorism in all forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motivations, whenever and by whomsoever committed, 
Emphasizing that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality or civilization, 
Stressing that terrorism can only be defeated by a sustained and comprehensive approach involving the active participation and collaboration of all States and international and regional organizations to impede, impair, isolate, and incapacitate the terrorist threat, 
Urging Member States and the United Nations system to take measures, pursuant to international law, to address all drivers of violent extremism conducive to terrorism, both internal and external, in a balanced manner as set out in the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, 
Recalling the measures aimed at countering violent extremism in order to prevent terrorism, as outlined in resolution 2178 (2014)
Stressing also that States must ensure that any measures taken to combat terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, and should adopt such measures in accordance with international law, in particular international human rights law, refugee law, and humanitarian law, 
Reaffirming that acts, methods, and practices of terrorism are contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations and that financing, planning and inciting terrorist acts and supporting terrorist organizations are also contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations,
Recalling the right to freedom of expression, reflected in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly in 1948 (“the Universal Declaration”), and recalling also the right to freedom of expression in Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted by the General Assembly in 1966 (“ICCPR”) and that any restrictions thereon shall only be such as are provided by law and are necessary on the grounds set out in paragraph 3 of Article 19 of the ICCPR,
Condemning in the strongest terms the incitement of terrorist acts and repudiating attempts at the justification or glorification (apologie) of terrorist acts that may incite further terrorist acts, 
Stressing the importance of the role of the media, civil and religious society, the business community and educational institutions in those efforts to enhance dialogue and broaden understanding, and in promoting tolerance and coexistence, and in fostering an environment which is not conducive to incitement of terrorism, as well as in countering terrorist narratives, 
Noting with concern that terrorist craft distorted narratives that are based on the misinterpretation and misrepresentation of religion to justify violence, which are utilized to recruit supporters and Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs), mobilize resources, and garner support from sympathizers, in particular by exploiting information and communications technologies, including through the Internet and social media, 
Noting as well the urgent need to globally counter the activities of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Da’esh), Al-Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities to incite and recruit to commit terrorist acts and recalling, in this regard and as reflected in the Statement of its President S/PRST/2016/6, its request to the Counter Terrorism Committee to present a proposal to the Security Council for a “comprehensive international framework” to effectively counter, in compliance with international law, the ways that ISIL (Da’esh), Al Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities use their narratives to encourage, motivate, and recruit others to commit terrorist acts, 
1. Welcomes its document entitled “Comprehensive International Framework to Counter Terrorist Narratives” number S/2017/375 with recommended guidelines and good practices to effectively counter the ways that ISIL (Da’esh), Al Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities use their narratives to encourage, motivate, and recruit others to commit terrorist acts; 
2. Stresses that Member States and all relevant United Nations entities should follow the subsequent guidelines while implementing the Comprehensive International Framework: 
(a) United Nations action in the field of countering terrorist narratives should be based on the United Nations Charter, including the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States; 
(b) Member States have the primary responsibility in countering terrorist acts and violent extremism conducive to terrorism;
(c) Relevant United Nations entities should ensure greater coordination and coherence with donors and recipients of counter-terrorism capacity-building, taking into account national perspectives, and with a view to strengthening national ownership;
(d) To be more effective, counter-narrative measures and programs should be tailored to the specific circumstances of different contexts on all levels; 
(e) All measures taken by Member States to counter terrorism, including to counter terrorist narratives, must comply with their obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law, and international humanitarian law;
(f) Efforts to counter terrorist narratives can benefit through engagement with a wide range of actors, including youth, families, women, religious, cultural, and education leaders, and other concerned groups of civil society;
(g) States should consider supporting the efforts aimed at raising public awareness regarding counter terrorist narratives through education and media, including through dedicated educational programs to pre-empt youth acceptance of terrorist narratives;
(h) The importance of promoting enhanced dialogue and broadened understanding among societies;
(i) States should consider engaging, where appropriate, with religious authorities and community leaders, that have relevant expertise in crafting and delivering effective counter-narratives, in countering narratives used by terrorists and their supporters;
(j) Counter-narratives should aim not only to rebut terrorists’ messages, but also to amplify positive narratives, to provide credible alternatives and address issues of concern to vulnerable audiences who are subject to terrorist narratives;
(k) Counter-narratives should take into account the gender dimension, and narratives should be developed that address specific concerns and vulnerabilities of both men and women;
(l) Continued research into the drivers of terrorism and violent extremism is necessary in order to develop more focused counter-narrative programmes;
3. Directs the Counter Terrorism Committee, with the support of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED), and in consultation with the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) and other key actors, to facilitate international cooperation to implement the Comprehensive International Framework; 
4. Requests the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC), in this regard, to:
(a) Continue to identify and compile existing good practices in countering terrorist narratives, in coordination with the CTITF office, the CTITF Working Group on Communications, and where appropriate in consultation with other relevant non-United Nations entities;
(b) Continue to review legal measures taken by States to enhance implementation of Security Council resolutions 1373 (2001), 1624 (2005) and 2178 (2014), and propose ways to strengthen international cooperation;
(c) Work with UNESCO, UNDP and other relevant United Nations agencies, through CTITF working groups, to promote, appropriate education-based efforts to recognize and prevent radicalization to violence and recruitment to terrorist groups; 
(d) Contribute to efforts of the United Nations and its departments and agencies to develop models for effectively countering terrorist narratives, both
online and offline;
(e) Further develop initiatives to strengthen public-private partnerships in countering terrorist narratives;
(f) Conduct outreach to entities with expertise and experience in crafting counter-narratives, including religious actors, civil society organizations, private-sector entities and others, to better inform the Committee’s understanding of good practices; 
(g) Work with outside partners, including members of the CTED Global Research Network, to identify possible ways to measure the impact and effectiveness of counter-narratives; 
(h) Continue participating in meetings and workshops, at the global and regional levels, with the objective of highlighting and sharing relevant good practices more widely; 
(i) Maintain an up-to-date list of national, regional and global counter narrative initiatives; 
5. Directs the CTC, with the support of the CTED, to:
(a) Organize at least one open meeting annually to review developments globally in countering terrorist narratives;
(b) Recommend ways for Member States regarding capacity building to enhance their efforts in the field of counter terrorist narratives, including through assistance provided by CTITF member entities and other assistance providers;
(c) Use the existing CTED Research network and create an annual work plan to provide advice and to support the work of the CTC and CTED on various matters related to countering terrorist narratives; 
6. Directs the CTC, with the support of the CTED, as appropriate, and within their respective mandates, to include in the country assessments Member States efforts to counter terrorist narratives; 
7. Emphasizes the need for continued engagement between the CTC and CTED and all key actors in countering terrorist narratives; 

8. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. 

Monday, May 8, 2017

Russian draft on de-escalation zones in Syria

The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous resolutions and Presidential Statements on the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular its resolutions 2254 (2015), 2268 (2016) and 2336 (2016), and the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, and to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and stressing the need for all parties to the political process to adhere to Syria's unity, independence, territorial integrity, and non-sectarian character, to ensuring continuity of governmental institutions, to protecting the rights of all Syrians, regardless of ethnicity or religious denomination,
Noting the mediation efforts undertaken by the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Turkey and to consolidate the ceasefire in the Syrian Arab Republic, and the launching of the Astana process between the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the armed opposition groups,
Appreciating the contribution to the Astana process by the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for Syria Staffan de Mistura, and observers from the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the United States of America,
1. Welcomes the Memorandum on the creation of de-escalation areas in the Syrian Arab Republic, signed in Astana on May 4, 2017 (Annex);
2. Calls on all parties to the conflict in Syria to fully implement the ceasefire established on 29 December 2016 and to abide by the provisions of the Memorandum on the creation of de-escalation areas in the Syrian Arab Republic;
3. Calls on all Member States to contribute in good faith to the implementation of the Memorandum on the creation of de-escalation areas in the Syrian Arab Republic;
4. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

on the creation of de-escalation areas in the Syrian Arab Republic

The Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey, as guarantors of the observance of the ceasefire regime in the Syrian Arab Republic (hereinafter referred to as “Guarantors”):
- guided by the provisions of UNSC resolution 2254 (2015);
- reaffirming their strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic;
expressing their determination to decrease the level of military tensions and to provide for the security of civilians in the Syrian Arab Republic,
have agreed on the following.
1. the following de-escalation areas shall be created with the aim to put a prompt end to violence, improve the humanitarian situation and create favorable conditions to advance political settlement of the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic:

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

المقترح الروسي في آستانة لإنشاء مناطق أمنية في سورية

(ترجمة غير رسمية)
بشأن إنشاء مناطق لتخفيف حدة التصعيد في الجمهورية العربية السورية

إن الاتحاد الروسي وجمهورية تركيا وجمهورية إيران الإسلامية ضامنين لمراعاة نظام وقف إطلاق النار في الجمهورية العربية السورية (المشار إليهم فيما يلي باسم "الضامنون"):
تسترشد بأحكام قرار مجلس الأمن 2254 (2016)؛
إعادة تأكيد التزامهم القوي بسيادة الجمهورية العربية السورية واستقلالها ووحدتها وسلامتها الإقليمية؛
الإعراب عن تصميمها على خفض مستوى التوترات العسكرية وتوفير الأمن الأفضل للمدنيين في الجمهورية العربية السورية،
على ما يلي.
1. إنشاء مناطق التصعيد في محافظة إدلب، إلى الشمال من حمص، في الغوطة الشرقية (التي ينشئها الضامنونوفي جنوب سوريا (التي ينشئها الضامنون والأطراف المعنية الأخرىبهدف ووضع حد فوري للعنف، وتحسين الحالة الإنسانية، وتهيئة الظروف المواتية للنهوض بالتسوية السياسية للنزاع المسلح الداخلي في الجمهورية العربية السورية.

2 - وفي حدود مناطق تخفيف التصعيد:
• ضبط الأعمال القتالية بين الأطراف المتنازعة، بما في ذلك استخدام أي نوع من الأسلحة؛
• توفير وصول إنساني سريع وآمن وبدون إعاقة تحت سيطرة الضامن؛
• تهيئة الظروف اللازمة لتقديم المعونة الطبية للسكان ولتلبية الاحتياجات التجارية أو المدنية الأخرى للمدنيين؛
• اتخاذ التدابير اللازمة لاستعادة مرافق الهياكل الأساسية الاجتماعية وإمدادات المياه وغيرها من نظم دعم الحياة؛
• تهيئة ظروف العودة الآمنة والطوعية للاجئين، وعمل هيئات الحكم المحلي.

3 - وعلى طول حدود مناطق التصعيد، أنشئت المناطق الأمنية لمنع وقوع حوادث وإطلاق النار مباشرة بين الأطراف المتنازعة.

4 - تشمل المناطق الأمنية ما يلي:
نقاط التفتيش لضمان حرية تنقل المدنيين العزل، وإيصال المساعدات الإنسانية، فضلا عن الأنشطة الاقتصادية؛
مراكز المراقبة لضمان تنفيذ أحكام نظام وقف إطلاق النار.
ويقوم ممثلو القوات الحكومية السورية وجماعات المعارضة المسلحة التي انضمت إلى نظام وقف إطلاق النار بمهامهم عند نقاط التفتيش ومراكز المراقبة.
ويمكن نشر الوحدات العسكرية التابعة للدول المراقبة في المناطق الأمنية من أجل مراقبة الامتثال لنظام وقف إطلاق النار.

5 - على الضامنين:
• ضمان وفاء الأطراف المتصارعة بالاتفاقات؛
• اتخاذ جميع التدابير اللازمة لمواصلة القتال ضد تنظيم داعش وجبهة النصرة وغيرها من الأفراد والمجموعات والمنظمات التابعة لها في مناطق التصعيد.
• مساعدة القوات الحكومية والمعارضة المسلحة على مواصلة القتال ضد تنظيم داعش وجبهة النصرة والأشخاص والجماعات والمنظمات التابعة لها، فضلا عن المنظمات الإرهابية الأخرى التي أدرجتها الأمم المتحدة على هذا النحو خارج مناطق التصعيد؛
• مواصلة الأنشطة لإدراج جماعات المعارضة المسلحة التي لم تشارك حتى الآن في التسوية السلمية في نظام وقف إطلاق النار.

6 - يقوم الضامنون في غضون أيام بعد التوقيع على المذكرة بتشكيل فريق عامل مشترك معني بالتصعيد (يشار إليه فيما يلي باسم "الفريق العامل المشترك") على مستوى الممثلين المأذون لهم من أجل تحديد حدود نزع السلاح، ومناطق التصعيد، والمناطق الأمنية، فضلا عن حل المسائل التشغيلية والتقنية الأخرى المتصلة بتنفيذ المذكرة.

ويتعين على الضامنين أن يتخذوا التدابير اللازمة لاستكمال تعريف خرائط مناطق التصعيد والمناطق الأمنية بحلول 22 أيار مايو 2017.

يعد الفريق العامل المشترك بحلول التاريخ المذكور أعلاه الخرائط مع مناطق التصعيد والمناطق الأمنية التي سيوافق عليها الضامنون فضلا عن مشروع نظام الفريق العامل المشترك.

وسيقدم الفريق العامل المشترك تقاريره إلى الاجتماعات المتعلقة بتسوية الأزمة في سوريا في إطار عملية أستانا.

تم في __________، "" ____________ 2017 في نسختين، لهما قوة قانونية متساوية، كل منهما باللغات العربية والتركية والفارسية والإنجليزية والروسية.
ولحل الخلافات في التفسير، ينبغي استخدام نص الوثيقة باللغة الانكليزية.


Thursday, April 27, 2017

Security Council Draft Resolution on Western Sahara

Resolution XXXX(2017)
​​Adopted by the Security Council at its XXXXthmeeting, on
​​27 April 2017

The Security Council,
Recalling and reaffirming all its previous resolutions on Western Sahara, 
Reaffirming its strong support for the efforts of the Secretary-General and his Personal Envoy to implement resolutions 1754 (2007), 1783 (2007), 1813 (2008), 1871 (2009), 1920 (2010), 1979 (2011), 2044 (2012), 2099 (2013), 2152 (2014), 2218 (2015), and 2285 (2016),
Reaffirming its commitment to assist the parties to achieve a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, and noting the role and responsibilities of the parties in this respect, 
Reiterating its call upon the parties and the neighbouring states to cooperate more fully with the United Nations and with each other and to strengthen their involvement to end the current impasse and to achieve progress towards a political solution, 
Recognizing that achieving a political solution to this long-standing dispute and enhanced cooperation between the Member States of the Maghreb Arab Union would contribute to stability and security in the Sahel region, 
Welcoming the efforts of the Secretary-General to keep all peacekeeping operations, including the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), under close review and reiterating the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to peacekeeping deployments, and effective management of resources,
Emphasizing the need to regularly evaluate MINURSO’s performance such that the mission retains the skills and flexibility needed to effectively carry out its mandate, 
Further emphasizing that hiring, retention and assignment processes of the United Nations for MINURSO should allow for mission structures to quickly and easily adapt to changing operational environments, and noting the Secretary-General’s intention to reform  these processes to make the Organization more nimble, 
Recognizing the important role played by MINURSO on the ground and the need for it to fully implement its mandate, including its role in supporting the Personal Envoy to achieve a mutually acceptable political solution,  
Expressing concern about the violations of existing agreements, and calling on the parties to respect their relevant obligations, 
Welcoming Morocco’s positive response on 26 February 2017 to the Secretary General’s call for both parties to withdraw from the buffer strip in Guerguerat,
Expressing deep concern that elements of the Polisario Front remain in the buffer strip in Guerguerat, including its obstruction of regular commercial traffic,    
Taking note of the Moroccan proposal presented on 11 April 2007 to the Secretary-General and welcoming serious and credible Moroccan efforts to move the process forward towards resolution; also taking note of the Polisario Front proposal presented 10 April 2007 to the Secretary-General,
Encouraging in this context, the parties to demonstrate further political will towards a solution including by expanding upon their discussion of each other’s proposals and further encouraging the neighbouring countries to make contributions to the political process, 
Taking note of the four rounds of negotiations held under the auspices of the Secretary-General and recognizing the importance of the parties committing to continue the negotiations process, 
Encouraging the parties to resume cooperation with the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees in implementing the January 2012 updated Plan of Action on Confidence-Building Measures, including programmes focused on linking people who have been divided for more than 40 years due to the conflict and further encouraging the parties to consider additional appropriate confidence-building measures,
Stressing the importance of improving the human rights situation in Western Sahara and the Tindouf camps, and encouraging the parties to work with the international community to develop and implement independent and credible measures to ensure full respect for human rights, bearing in mind their relevant obligations under international law, 
Encouraging the parties to continue in their respective efforts to enhance the promotion and protection of human rights in Western Sahara and the Tindouf refugee camps, including the freedoms of expression and association, 
Welcoming in this regard, the recent steps and initiatives taken by Morocco, and the role played by the National Council on Human Rights Commissions operating in Dakhla and Laayoune, and Morocco’s interaction with Special Procedures of the United Nations Human Rights Council, 
Commending the technical visit of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to Western Sahara in April 2015, and to the Tindouf refugee camps in July-August 2015, and strongly encouraging enhancing cooperation with OHCHR, including through facilitating further visits to the region, 
Noting with deep concern the continued hardships faced by Sahrawi refugees and their dependency on external humanitarian assistance,and further noting insufficient funding for those living in Tindouf refugee camps and the risk of potential reductions in food assistance,
Reiterating its request for consideration of a refugee registration in the Tindouf refugee camps and emphasizing efforts be made in this regard, 
Stressing the importance of a commitment by the parties to continue the process of negotiations through the United Nations-sponsored talks and encouraging the meaningful participation of women in these, 
Recognizing that the consolidation of the status quo is not acceptable, and noting further that progress in the negotiations is essential in order to improve the quality of life of the people of Western Sahara in all its aspects, 
​ Expressing gratitude for the efforts of the Secretary-General’s Personal Envoy for Western Sahara, Ambassador Christopher Ross, throughout his tenure, and affirming its continued full support for the Secretary-General’s Personal Envoy for Western Sahara in facilitating negotiations between the parties, and calling on the parties and neighbouring states to cooperate fully with the Personal Envoy,
Affirming full support for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Western Sahara and Head of MINURSO Kim Bolduc, 
Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 10 April 2017 (S/2017/307), 
1.​Decides to extend the mandate of MINURSO until 30 April 2018; 
 2.​Reaffirms the need for full respect of the military agreements reached with MINURSO with regard to the ceasefire and calls on the parties to adhere fully to those agreements; 
3. ​Expresses deep concern with the continued presence of elements of the Polisario Front in the buffer strip in Guerguerat and strongly urges the Polisario Front to fully and unconditionally withdraw from the buffer strip in Guerguerat immediately;
 4.​Requests the Secretary-General to brief the Council within 30 days on whether elements of the Polisario have withdrawn from the buffer strip in Guerguerat and expresses its intention, if there is no full and unconditional withdrawal, to consider how best to facilitate achievement of this goal;
 5.​Recognizes that the crisis in Guerguerat raises fundamental questions related to the ceasefire and related agreements and encourages the Secretary-General to explore ways that such questions can be resolved;  
 6.​Calls upon all parties to cooperate fully with the operations of MINURSO, including its free interaction with all interlocutors, and to take the necessary steps to ensure the security of as well as unhindered movement and immediate access for the United Nations and associated personnel in carrying out their mandate, in conformity with existing agreements; 
7.​Emphasizes the importance of the parties’ commitment to continue the process of preparation for a fifth round of negotiations, and recalls its endorsement of the recommendation in the report of 14 April 2008 (S/2008/251) that realism and a spirit of compromise by the parties are essential to achieve progress in negotiations, and encourages the neighbouring countries to make important contributions to this process;
8.​Calls upon the parties to show political will and work in an atmosphere propitious for dialogue in order to resume negotiations, thus ensuring implementation of resolutions 1754 (2007), 1783 (2007), 1813 (2008), 1871 (2009), 1920 (2010), 1979 (2011), 2044 (2012), 2099 (2013), 2152 (2014), and 2218 (2015) and the success of negotiations; 
9.​Affirms its full support for the commitment of the Secretary-General and his Personal Envoy towards a solution to the question of Western Sahara in this context to relaunch the negotiating process with a new dynamic and a new spirit leading to the resumption of a political process with the aim of reaching a mutually acceptable political solution, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations; 
10.​Calls upon the parties to resumenegotiations under the auspices of the Secretary-General without preconditions and in good faith, taking into account the efforts made since 2006 and subsequent developments, with a view to achieving a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, and noting the role and responsibilities of the parties in this respect; 
11.​Invites Member States to lend appropriate assistance to these talks; 
12.​Requests the Secretary-General to brief the Security Council on a regular basis, and at least twice a year, on the status and progress of these negotiations under his auspices, on the implementation of this resolution, challenges to MINURSO’s operations and steps taken to address them, expresses its intention to meet to receive and discuss his briefings and in this regard, and further requests the Secretary-General to provide a report on the situation in Western Sahara well before the end of the mandate period; 
13. Further requests the Secretary-General to update the Security Council within six months of the appointment of the new Personal Envoy on (i) ways in which the Personal Envoy, working with the parties, is progressing towards a mutually acceptable political solution, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in the context of arrangements consistent with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, and present a clear path forward;  (ii) how MINURSO’s performance measures are being developed and implemented(iii) how structures and staffing can be reorganized to achieve mission goals efficiently, and (iv) how new technologies are being considered to reduce risk, improve force protection, and better implement the mandate of MINURSO;
14.​Encourages the parties to resume cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to review and, where possible, expand confidence-building measures; 
15.​Urges Member States to provide new and additional voluntary contributions to fund food programmes to ensure that the humanitarian needs of refugees are adequately addressed and avoid reductions in food rations; 
16.​Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary measures to ensure full compliance in MINURSO with the United Nations zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action including predeploymentawareness training, and other action to ensure full accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel; 
17.​Supports an increase in the ratio of medical personnel within the current uniformed authorization as requested in the most recent report of the Secretary-General to address the severely overstretched medical capacity of MINURSO. 
18.​Decides to remain seized of the matter.
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